Elephants are mammals in order of Elephantidea and proboscides, there are three species of Elephants Recognized such South Asia, Southeast Asia.
Elephants have several distinctive features, the most noted with long trunks or proboscis, there used for many purposes, particularly breathing, grasping objects. Their incisors grow into tusks, which can serve as weapons and as tools for moving objects and digging.
Elephants are big animals, with multiple family groups that come together to socialize, a male elephant is called a bull; the family group reaches puberty at early age living alone with other bachelors.
Adult bulls interact with their families while looking out for mate. This helps them to successes in reproduction. The young ones of Elephants are called calves and there are the center of the attention in the family of all Elephants in the group, they really on their mothers for a period of three years in the wild.
In some parts of the world like Asia Elephants are used at working animals, in the past they were used in wars, exploited for entertainment in circuses. Elephants are the largest living terrestrial animals.
Male African bush elephants are 10.50feet tall at the shoulders and weigh 6,000kg, where as females shorter with 8.53feet tall at the shoulder s and weigh 3000kgs.while the Asians Elephants are smaller, males being 9.02feet at shoulder and weighing 2.700kgs.
African wild elephants are smaller extant species, with average height for species being 6.56feet at shoulders and an average weight being 2000kg.Male elephants of Africa are 23% taller than females by 15%.The skeleton of elephant is made up of 326-326 bones.
An elephant’s skulls can withstand the forces generated by the leverage of the tusks and head to head collisions.
Elephants have predators such as tigers, yens, lions and wild dogs, they usually target calves .The female elephants are called cows they tend to live in families or groups, the group has family which consists of one female with her calves or severely related females with an offspring’s, the group of elephant is called a matriarch.
Elephants in Uganda have increased by 60% which is more than 5000 members; they were 800 in the 1980s, as the elephants census and wildlife Authority.
Elephants in Uganda have increased by 600%, to more than 5000 members, from a low level of 800in the 1980s; reports a survey in may by wildlife conservation society, elephant census, and Uganda wildlife Authority.
Note: Uganda is a home to the African savanna Elephants.
The skin of an elephant is an inch thicker. Although it has a poor sight an elephant has the most amazing sense of smell. An elephants produces at the age of 16years; however it can rarely produce more than four children throughout her lifetime. It has the longest pregnancy of all animals that takes about 22 months from conception to the time of birth.
Elephants communicate by purring just like cats. Tusks are used as incisor teeth; they use them to dig water, defense and lifting things. Elephants have molars, one on the bottom, one at the top the others are at both sides of the mouth and they can weigh about five pounds that is a size of a brick.
Elephants feet are used as picking sub-sonic rumblings that are made by other elephants through a number of vibrations in the ground. Elephants listen and put their trunks on ground by positioning their feet on grounds.
The blood vessels circulate blood through the ears to cool them in hot climate.
They hug by wrapping their trucks together they do this to display their greetings and affection.
Elephants, they show homage to the dead bodies of individuals by touching he skulls and tusks it their trunks and feet. This is seen as the elephant passes areas where the loved one has died, this will help her or him to stop dead still, the silent and empty pause, it lasts for several minute.
Uganda is a home to the African savanna Elephants as well as a habitat to the smaller brother the African forest Elephant.
There some native ones that are observed entering through a wildlife corridor from the Democratic Republican into the Ishasha sector of Queen Elizabeth National park and extends as far as Kibale forest.