Monitor Lizards are very large lizard. Lizards are natives of Africa, Asia, there about 79 species that are currently recognized. Monitor lizards have long necks, powerful claws and tails with well developed limbs. The length of extant species ranges from 20 cm in some species, to over 3m .Most monitor species are terrestrial, but arboreal and semiag aquatic monitors there also known.
Monitor lizards are carnivorous animals, they feed on smaller reptiles, birds, fish, birds and other mammals, and some other lizards eat vegetables, fruits depending on where they live.63
There various species covering different areas and these include Africa, Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, china, Brunei, Indonesia, New Guinea, Philippines, Australia and islands of the Indian Ocean, and the South China Sea.
Habits and Diet
Monitor Lizards are entirely carnivorous, that consume prey as arachnids, insects, crustaceans, fish, birds, myriapods, mollusks and mammals.
Most species feed on invertebrates as their offspring’s and shift to feeding on vertebrates as adults. They make up about 50 % of the diet of adults of the largest species. There are 25 individual monitor lizards in ecosystems that have limited water resources.
Monitor Lizard’s meat, especially the liver and the tongue, the meat is eaten in parts of India and Mala. In India and Pakistan there different parts of lizards used for different medical purposes. The flesh is eaten for abdominal fat used as salve for skin infections, chronic pain, hemorrhoids.
Large scale exploitation of Lizards that are used for their skins, in leather industry.
Its meat is eaten by varies families in India, Thailand in West Africa and in West Africa as food source. In Nepal it’s used for medicinal and food purpose.
The skin of a Lizard in some areas it’s used for carnatic music an instrument called Kanjira .most of the Monitor lizard species their population is decreasing globally. The other five species of monitor lizards are classified in the convention of International Trade in Endangered species of wild fauna and Flora.